This world is the place of trials and tribulations

This world is the place of trials and tribulations
What is this world?


Praise be to

This world is the place of striving and the
Hereafter is the place of reward or punishment, where the believers
will be rewarded with Paradise and the disbelievers will be punished
with Hell. 

Paradise is good and none but those who were
good will enter it. Allaah is Good and accepts nothing but that which
is good. So the way of Allaah with His slaves is to test them with calamities
and tribulations, so that the believer may be known from the kaafir
and so that the truthful may be distinguished from the liar, as Allaah
says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Do people think that they will
be left alone because they say: ‘We believe,’ and will not be tested.

And We indeed tested those who were before them. And
Allaah will certainly make (it) known (the truth of) those who are true,
and will certainly make (it) known (the falsehood of) those who are
liars, (although Allaah knows all that before putting them to test)”

[al-‘Ankaboot 29:2-3] 

Victory and success cannot be achieved except after
tests which will bring the good forth from the evil and tell the believer
apart from the kaafir, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Allaah will not leave the believers
in the state in which you are now, until He distinguishes the wicked
from the good. Nor will Allaah disclose to you the secrets of the Ghayb

[Aal ‘Imraan 3:179] 

Among the trials with which Allaah tests His
slaves in order to distinguish the believers from the disbelievers is
that which He mentions in the aayah (interpretation of the meaning): 

“And certainly, We shall test you
with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but
give glad tidings to As-Saabiroon (the patient).

Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: ‘Truly, to
Allaah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return.’

They are those on whom are the Salawaat (i.e. who
are blessed and will be forgiven) from their Lord, and (they are those
who) receive His Mercy, and it is they who are the guided ones”

[al-Baqarah 2:155-157] 

So Allaah tests His slaves, and He loves those
who are patient, and gives them the glad tidings of Paradise. 

Allaah tests His slaves with jihaad, as He
says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Do you think that you will enter
Paradise before Allaah tests those of you who fought (in His Cause)
and (also) tests those who are As-Saabiroon (the patient)?”

[Aal ‘Imraan 3:142] 

Wealth and children are a trial by means of
which Allaah tests His slaves, to know who will give thanks for them,
and who will be distracted from Allaah by them: 

“And know that your possessions
and your children are but a trial and that surely, with Allaah is a
mighty reward”

[al-Anfaal 8:28 – interpretation of the meaning] 

Allaah tests us, sometimes with calamities
and sometimes with blessings, to show who will be thankful and who will
be ungrateful, and who will obey and who will disobey, then He will
reward or punish them on the Day of Resurrection: 

“and We shall make a trial of you
with evil and with good. And to Us you will be returned”

[al-Anbiya’ 21:35 – interpretation of the meaning] 

Testing is according to one’s faith; the most
severely tested among mankind are the Prophets, then the next best and
the next best. The Prophet

(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When I fall ill,
my pain is equivalent to the pain of two men among you.” (Narrated by
al-Bukhaari, 5648). 

Allaah tests His slaves with different kinds
of trials. 

Sometimes He tests them with calamities and
tribulations to distinguish the believer from the disbeliever, the obedient
from the disobedient, the grateful from the ungrateful. 

Sometimes Allaah tests His slaves with calamities;
when they commit sin, He punishes them with calamities so that they
might come back to him, as He says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“And whatever of misfortune befalls
you, it is because of what your hands have earned. And He pardons much”

[al-Shoora 42:30] 

“And indeed We seized them with punishment, but they
humbled not themselves to their Lord, nor did they invoke (Allaah) with
submission to Him” [al-Mu’minoon 23:76] 

Allaah is merciful to His slaves; He sends
repeated tribulations upon the ummah so that they may return and repent
to Him, and give up that which Allaah has forbidden, and so that Allaah
might forgive them. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“See they not that they are put
in trial once or twice every year (with different kinds of calamities,
disease, famine)? Yet, they turn not in repentance, nor do they learn
a lesson (from it)”

[al-Tawbah 9:126] 

It is part of the mercy of Allaah that disasters
befall sinners in this world, so that their souls might be purified
and they might come back to Allaah before they die: 

“And verily, We will make them taste
of the near torment (i.e. the torment in the life of this world, i.e.
disasters, calamities) prior to the supreme torment (in the Hereafter),
in order that they may (repent and) return (i.e. accept Islam)”

[al-Sajdah 32:21 – interpretation of the meaning] 

Sometimes Allaah tests His slaves with calamities
in order to raise them in status and to expiate for their sins, as the

(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “No misfortune or
disease befalls a Muslim, no worry or grief or harm or distress – not
even a thorn that pricks him – but Allaah will expiate for some of his
sins because of that.” (Agreed upon. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5641) 

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From Usool al-Deen al-Islami, by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ibraaheem al-Tuwayjri